Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)


Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) also known as Ischemic Heart Disease is one of the leading causes of 7 million deaths across the globe targeting 7% of the urban population and 3.1% of the rural population in India.


Angina or severe chest pain is the most common and significant manifestation of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) seen as a result of stress-induced pain, emotional trauma, and primarily due to an inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart.

Coronary Artery Disease is a slow process that occurs due to the accumulation of plaque in the arteries of the heart. Sticky substances like cholesterol, calcium deposits, and waste remnants of the body cells cause plaque formation. This causes blockage or spasm in big and small blood vessels of the heart and reduces smooth blood flow in the heart.

Plaque formation generally causes breakage of the blood vessels. As the body’s defense mechanism, clot formation that occurs for natural healing of the blood vessels causes heart stroke.


1. Smoking:
Nicotine consumption in the form of active, passive, or tobacco chewing is one of the strongest causes of CAD in India.

2. High Lipid Profile:
An Increase in cholesterol, LDL (Low-density lipoprotein) and reduction in HDL (High-Density lipoprotein) increases the risk of CAD.

3. Diabetes Mellitus:
High blood glucose levels and imbalance in lipid profile causes heart diseases as a secondary complication.
Also Read: How Diabetes Affects Our Heart Health

4. Hypertension:
Blood pressure above 140/90mm Hg is an indication of high-risk hypertension, a common risk factor for the development of CAD.

  • Severe chest pain or angina
  • Irregular palpitations or heavy breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Faint loss of consciousness or feeling of dizziness
  • A suffocating or burning sensation circulating from center of the heart towards neck, back, throat, shoulders, arms and rest of the upper body
  • Women tend to suffer with chest tightness or discomfort as a beginning symptom of Coronary Artery Disease
  • If these symptoms are left ignored or untreated, they may lead to a stroke or death.
  • Detailed clinical is history taken by the cardiologist to understand the severity, location and duration of the chest pain or angina
  • Medical history of the patient
  • Physical examination of the patient to enable a complete understanding of the symptoms
  • Chest X-ray
  • 12- lead electrocardiography (ECG)
  • Resting echocardiography
  • A full lipid profile, renal profile, thyroid profile, complete blood profile, blood sugar, and Hba1c (glycosylated hemoglobin) profile is also needed for a complete picture.
  • I. Pharmacological Treatment: Used for long term relief from symptoms

    • Beta-blocker
    • Calcium channel blockers
    • Nitrates
    • Combination of antiplatelet agents

    II. Lifestyle management Treatment: Used for prevention of Coronary Artery Disease

    • Dietary intervention including a healthy diet rich in whole grain cereals, pulses, fiber-rich fruits and vegetables, foods low in saturated fat and rich in good quality fats like omega-3 fatty acids, MUFA(mono-unsaturated fatty acids) and PUFA(Polyunsaturated fatty acids)
    • A daily pattern of adequate physical activity
    • Weight control measures
    • Management of dyslipidemia
    • Management of blood sugar levels in pre-diabetics and diabetic patients owing to a high risk of developing CAD
    • Management of hypertension
    • Pre and post-treatment measures
    • Anti-smoking and tobacco chewing rehabilitation techniques At Care For Your Heart, we aim at reducing the burden of cardiac diseases in India by emphasizing prevention and disease management in a more efficient manner.

A state of disease needs immediate diagnosis and treatment.
Coronary artery disease and its plausible complications are essentially diagnosed and treated using

Angiography and Angioplasty procedures.

To know more click on the links above and get a clear picture of the treatment modalities.

At Care For Your Heart we provide comprehensive cardiac treatment to all our patients.

© Behearthealthy 2023. All rights reserved. Site Designed by U1R

© Behearthealthy 2023. All rights reserved. Site Designed by U1R